Perhaps more impressive is that the agreement was extended for another 120 days in November, despite the absence of confidence between Ukraine and Russia and the lack of hope for a cease-fire.
Gema Cortes and MINUSMAAfrica: Conflict rages on in the DRC and Mali, while there is hope for peace in Sudan and EthiopiaThis year, UN forces serving as a deterrent to violence for civilians in several African nations came under attack.
The country was still plagued by warfare in 2022, six years after the landmark peace agreement was struck between the Colombian government and the FARC insurgents.
An October launch over Japan was referred to as “reckless conduct” by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, who also said that a long-range test in March was in breach of Security Council resolutions.
Overall, the DPRK launched over 60 ballistic missiles, according to Ms. Di Carlo.
As it became increasingly apparent that Russia intended to invade Ukraine, a situation that UN Secretary-General António Guterres described as testing the “entire international system” sparked a furious round of diplomacy at the UN in February.
“Restraint and logic are required. The UN chief emphasised the need for de-escalation and pleaded with all parties to “refrain from acts and remarks that might push this grave situation to the breaking point.” However, these appeals went unanswered, and the conflict—which Russia referred to as a “special military operation”—began.
Ukraine war’s effects on the world: from food and fuel to a nuclear threat
Beyond its impact on Russia and Ukraine, the conflict gained significance. In a globe still dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic’s aftereffects, global fuel and food prices skyrocketed, and the UN trade authority UNCTAD named the war the primary cause of estimates of a global economic downturn.
When the largest nuclear power facility in Europe, the Zaporizhzhia plant in southeast Ukraine, fell under Russian military control, bad memories of the 1986 Chornobyl nuclear power plant explosion were returned.
The UN nuclear watchdog (IAEA) expressed concern over the plant’s frightening state and the shelling close to the reactors, warning of possibly catastrophic repercussions. Rafael Grossi, the head of the IAEA, said in November that fighting close to a nuclear station was “playing with fire.”