The Fund estimates that 29% of banks in emerging markets are vulnerable to financial issues in the event of a sudden, significant downturn, indicating more vulnerabilities.
According to Jamie Dimon, CEO of the world’s largest bank, JP Morgan, the turbulence caused by the UK is currently just a “bump in the road.
Analysts anticipate that the increase in mortgage rates will lead to a decline in real estate values, which means that another investment frequently considered pretty safe is experiencing a significant, swift change in value.
What impact has this had on other nations? Along with the UK’s, interest rates on some US and European government debt have increased.
Additionally, UK businesses have sold off riskier assets in response to the shifting market, which has impacted elsewhere.
Recent trouble in the UK’s financial markets has made investors outside of the UK nervous and made them sell their stocks.
Since the sell-offs are happening simultaneously with high inflation, rising interest rates, and the conflict in Ukraine, they have made people worry that the unrest in the UK could lead to a more significant crisis.
Many analysts say since there are signs that the government is rethinking some of its plans, they think the effects will be pretty small.
On Friday, the government fired Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng and rolled back some of the tax cuts that had initially upset the market.
But the incident has brought attention to present-day financial risks.
Markets are delicate. This week, Fabio Natalucci, a deputy director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), said, “We have seen that vulnerability has been growing over the past decade or more.”
“That fragility greatly increases the financial risk.”
What led to this?
In his mini-budget, Mr. Kwarteng promised tax cuts worth £45 billion, which the government said would help get the economy going again. Last month, borrowing costs in the UK shot up.
But he didn’t say how he would pay for them, which worried investors about the UK’s poor economic future. They quickly liquidated their holdings of UK government bonds, often known as gilts.
Why is this important?
The value of UK government bonds changed dramatically due to the sell-off.
What is usually thought of as a stable, safe investment went through a lot of changes as prices went down and investors asked for a higher interest rate in exchange for keeping a riskier investment.
Investment companies may change their holdings to make up for losses and the increased risk that comes with them, which can have significant effects.
Pension funds, massive investment companies that look after people’s retirement savings and frequently allocate a sizable portion to investments like government debt, showed some early signs of trouble in the UK.
The Bank of England asked the Bank of England for help because they were about to lose a lot of money, and the central bank agreed to help right away by buying government debt. The Bank of England ultimately intervened three times.
Due to a sudden rise in borrowing costs, standard two-and five-year fixed mortgage rates have gone up to more than 6% for the first time in more than a decade. This is causing chaos in the UK housing market.
The organization pointed out that regulations after the 2008 financial crisis have made traditional banking systems in major economies like the US and the UK more stable. Because of this, it did not predict a significant financial meltdown.
The Fund thinks that 29% of banks in emerging markets could have trouble with their finances if there were a sudden, significant economic downturn. This means that there are more vulnerabilities.
Officials in the United States and the United Kingdom are also worried about the large “shadow banking” system. In this system, investors make debt products and trade them mostly out of sight of regulators.
Those mountains of debt may be put under pressure as central banks raise interest rates.
Ben Bernanke, who oversaw the US central bank during the 2008 financial crisis, issued a warning on Monday: “When we look at the safety and soundness of the financial system, we should look at not only the banks but also the non-bank lenders.”
He was addressing the media during a press conference meant to be about winning the economics Nobel Prize. Still, he was instead dominated by inquiries about the current state of the economy.
According to Jamie Dimon, CEO of the world’s largest bank, JP Morgan, the turbulence caused by the UK is currently just a “bump in the road.”
But he issued a warning: “There will be other surprises.”
Analysts think that real estate prices will go down when mortgage rates go up. This means that another investment, considered pretty safe, is going through a significant, quick change in value.
What impact has this had on other nations?
Along with the UK’s, interest rates on some US and European government debt have increased.
Due to the changing market, businesses in the UK have sold off their riskier assets, which has affected other places.
For example, the Wall Street Journal reported that sales of collateralized loan obligations (CLOs), bundles of corporate debt, went up in the weeks after the UK move. Some people already perceive that market segment to be rife with financial hazards.
According to economist and University of California, Berkeley professor Barry Eichengreen, we never know where the landmines are buried, so there is a general feeling of unease in the financial markets.
People are concerned about which insurance companies, pension funds, and bond markets are in a delicate state, but we can never be sure of this.
“When bad things occur anywhere, people pause, and risk aversion increases globally.”
Will this consequently lead to a global financial crisis?
Last week, IMF officials said that the world’s financial instability is getting close to a crisis as investors pull out of the market.
Tobias Adrian, a financial adviser at the IMF, said, “We are definitely under stress.” He pointed out that signs of stress, like a rise in the demand for dollars, have gotten worse. “Acute crises were the only times when things were worse.”
Analysis by: Advocacy Unified Network