Intervention in International Trade: The Negative Impact on Competitiveness and Diplomacy


International Trade


  • Consumer price increases are one of the most important adverse effects of international trade intervention.
  • The total competitiveness of domestic producers who use imported goods as inputs may be harmed by higher prices.
  • Producers might be obliged to raise their own prices when the cost of these inputs rises, which would reduce their ability to compete in both home and international markets.
  • Intervention in international trade can lead to higher costs, which can have detrimental effects on both consumers and enterprises.
  • As a result, it is critical for governments to implement policies that support free and fair trade so that consumers may access a larger variety of affordable goods and companies can continue to compete in the global market.

For many nations, international trade has been a major factor in economic growth and development. However, when the market for international trade is interfered with, it can result in less trade, as well as larger diplomatic obstacles between two countries. Free trade is a good thing, and it ought to be the best course for any nation trying to succeed in the modern world. This essay will discuss why free trade should be supported by all nations and the detrimental effects that government intervention in the global trade sector has on diplomacy and competitiveness.

I. What is Intervention in International Trade?

The global economy has become increasingly dependent on international trade, which unites nations and makes it easier to interchange products and services. Government intervention in the global trade system, however, can have detrimental effects on both diplomacy and competitiveness.

Any government policy or action that impacts the flow of goods and services across national borders is referred to as an intervention in international trade. This can apply to tariffs, grants, quotas, and other trade restrictions. Although such laws may be implemented by countries to safeguard home sectors or encourage local production, they may have a negative impact on global trade ties and economic expansion.

For instance, when a nation imposes taxes on imports from another country, it decreases competition and reduces customer options while raising the price of those items for domestic consumers. This may cause regional industries to become less inventive, complacent, and globally competitive. Additionally, it lessens the possibility that states will cooperate in trade accords, which could result in heightened tensions and international conflicts.

Interference with international trade has a negative impact on economic growth, competitiveness, and diplomatic ties between nations. Free trade, on the other hand, promotes creativity, rivalry, and collaboration, which benefits everyone. Governments must embrace the advantages of free trade and abstain from actions that hinder international relations and global economic growth.

A. Definition of Intervention in International Trade

Any action taken by governments or other agencies to obstruct the free movement of goods and services between countries is referred to as an intervention in international trade. Tariffs, subsidies, import/export restrictions, and other rules that restrict the free flow of goods and services are only a few examples of this. These regulations may be implemented for a number of purposes, including defending domestic sectors, preserving interests in national security, or advancing strategic goals. However, the effects of such measures may be harmful to the diplomatic process as well as the economy. Trade restrictions, for instance, may result in lower levels of competition, greater costs, and more difficult access to international markets. A less diverse and dynamic economy may arise from this, which may sour relations with trading partners on a diplomatic level.

B. Examples of Intervention in International Trade

There are several examples of intervention in international trade that governments can use to influence the flow of goods and services between countries. One such example is tariffs, which are taxes on imported goods that make them more expensive for consumers. Tariffs are often used to protect domestic industries from foreign competition, but they can also lead to trade wars and damage relationships between trading partners. Another example of intervention is quotas, which limit the amount of a certain product that can be imported into a country. Quotas are often used to protect domestic producers from foreign competition, but they can also raise prices for consumers and limit choice. Subsidies are another form of intervention, where a government provides financial assistance to its domestic industries. This can create an unfair advantage over foreign producers, and can lead to resentment and strained diplomatic relationships. Finally, regulations can also be used to intervene in international trade, where a government sets standards for imported goods, which can make it harder for foreign producers to enter the market. In summary, there are many examples of intervention in international trade, and while they may have some short-term benefits, they can have negative impacts on both competitiveness and diplomacy.

II. Negative Impact on Competitiveness

Interference in international trade can significantly reduce a nation’s competitiveness on the home and international markets. Governments may artificially boost the price of imported goods by imposing taxes or quotas, for instance, making them less competitive against indigenous goods. Due to a lack of competition, domestic producers can become complacent, which could result in fewer options for consumers and higher prices.

By restricting access to foreign markets, intervention can reduce a nation’s ability to compete internationally. In a vicious cycle that can lower trade volumes and undermine both economies, when one country imposes trade barriers, other countries may respond by enacting their own trade obstacles. Additionally, it might be more difficult for enterprises to enter new markets, which would reduce their potential for development and innovation.

A less lively and dynamic economy may result from the detrimental effects of intervention on competitiveness, which would impede overall growth and prosperity. As a result, it is crucial that nations implement policies that support free and fair trade, allowing companies to compete on an even playing field and promoting economic progress both nationally and internationally.

A. Higher Prices

Consumer price increases are one of the most important adverse effects of international trade intervention. The price of imported items rises when tariffs or other trade obstacles are implemented, which may lead to increased pricing for customers who depend on those products. Low-income consumers who would not be able to pay the increased prices could be most affected by this. Furthermore, lower demand for the impacted products can come from increased prices, which can lower output and employment in the impacted industries.

The total competitiveness of domestic producers who use imported goods as inputs may be harmed by higher prices. Producers might be obliged to raise their own prices when the cost of these inputs rises, which would reduce their ability to compete in both home and international markets. This may restrict their development and reduce their ability to compete with producers elsewhere.

Intervention in international trade can lead to higher costs, which can have detrimental effects on both consumers and enterprises. As a result, it is critical for governments to implement policies that support free and fair trade so that consumers may access a larger variety of affordable goods and companies can continue to compete in the global market.

B. Reduced Quality

The lowered quality of goods and services is another unfavourable effect of trade interference. When trade barriers are implemented, domestic manufacturers might be less motivated to raise the calibre of their products or services since they will have less competition from international suppliers. Additionally, import limitations may make it more difficult to get products and services that are of a higher calibre than those made domestically, which would lower the general standard of products on the market.

Governments may unintentionally restrict firms’ access to the greatest and most effective raw material and other input sources when they erect trade barriers. As a result of the use of subpar or more expensive inputs, the quality of the end products may be lowered.

Consumer dissatisfaction with the goods and services on offer could lower demand, which would hurt a nation’s economy’s ability to compete globally. This may restrict firms’ ability to expand and impede the growth of the economy.

The possible adverse effects of government intervention in global commerce on the standard of goods and services supplied to consumers and enterprises should be carefully considered. Free and fair trade policies can ensure that consumers have access to a variety of high-quality goods and that companies are able to compete on a global scale.

C. Limited Choices

Limiting consumer choice by interference in international trade can also have a negative effect on both consumers and enterprises. When trade barriers are placed in place, customers may have less access to foreign goods, which could limit their options and prevent them from buying goods that specifically suit their requirements or preferences. This may have a negative impact on consumer welfare and general satisfaction with the goods and services on offer.

The incentives for businesses to develop and improve their products can be diminished by a lack of options. Lack of foreign producers’ rivalry may leave domestic enterprises with little incentive to develop and enhance their offerings, which could result in a lack of variety and lower-quality goods. This can restrict enterprises’ ability to grow and reduce a nation’s economy’s overall competitiveness.

Small enterprises and start-ups that depend on access to a greater range of goods and services in order to develop and grow might also suffer from limited options. When trade barriers are put in place, these enterprises might only have restricted access to the resources and inputs they require, which would restrict their growth and make it harder for them to compete with bigger, more established companies.

D. Reduced Innovation

The decreased degree of innovation is another unfavourable effect of trade interference. Businesses may be less motivated to develop and enhance their products or services when trade obstacles are placed in place. This is because they are insulated from the need to constantly innovate in order to remain competitive in the global market and face less competition from overseas producers.

Access to the newest technology and developments from overseas may be constrained by import restrictions. Businesses may find it difficult to stay current with fashion trends and maintain their leadership positions as a result.

Reduced innovation may also result in a decline in a nation’s economy’s overall competitiveness. Businesses might find it difficult to compete with overseas producers without access to the newest technologies and advances, which would diminish productivity and economic growth.

To encourage businesses to develop and enhance their goods and services, governments must support free and fair trade. Businesses can access a greater range of resources and inputs, encouraging innovation and economic growth. This is made possible by lowering trade barriers and allowing the exchange of ideas and technologies between nations.

III. Negative Impact on Diplomacy

Foreign policy between nations can suffer from interference in global trade. Trade restrictions and barriers can deteriorate international relations and impede cooperation and collaboration in fields other than trade.

A cycle of rising economic disputes and strained diplomatic ties can result from countries enacting protectionist measures, since other nations may respond with their own trade restrictions. Additionally, these conflicts have the potential to affect broader initiatives to advance peace and stability in the international community as well as other aspects of international relations, such as security and defence.

Other nations may consider the deployment of protectionist policies to safeguard home businesses to be unjust, which could result in charges of economic imperialism and undermine diplomatic confidence and cooperation.

A decrease in the general amount of economic collaboration and cooperation between nations might result from intervention in international trade. The ability of nations to collaborate on problems like climate change, reducing poverty, and providing humanitarian help, which demand a high level of international cooperation and coordination, may be harmed by this.

Countries should embrace policies that advance free and fair trade because they can strengthen diplomatic ties and advance more cooperation and collaboration on a variety of topics. Countries may forge stronger and more resilient diplomatic ties and contribute to a more stable and affluent international community by lowering economic barriers and cooperating to address shared problems.

Intervention in international trade can have a detrimental effect on foreign diplomacy, resulting in strained ties and less collaboration on a variety of topics. Countries can develop deeper diplomatic ties and cooperate to address shared problems by following policies that support free and fair trade, contributing to a more tranquil and wealthy international society.

A. Strained Relationships

Relations between nations are one of the main consequences of interference in international trade on diplomacy. Trade restrictions or hurdles imposed by one nation on another can strain relations and breed mistrust. The targeted nation may feel animosity against the nation imposing the trade restrictions because it perceives them as an unfair and unreasonable practise.

Retaliatory actions by the targeted nation may worsen the problem, resulting in a cycle of rising commercial conflicts and strained diplomatic ties. Finding mutually beneficial solutions to other problems can become challenging as a result of a breakdown in communication and cooperation between the two nations caused by this.

Economic blocs can be formed when nations band together to defend their sectors from outside competition as a result of trade disputes and protectionist measures. This could deepen national divisions and jeopardise initiatives to create a more integrated and cohesive world society.

Interference in international trade can strain diplomatic ties and have negative effects that go far beyond the scope of trade. It is crucial for governments to take into account the larger effects of their trade policies and to work towards implementing measures that encourage greater international cooperation and understanding. In addition to fostering world peace and stability, this can aid in forging better diplomatic ties.

B. Trade Wars

The potential for trade wars between nations is another detrimental effect of foreign trade involvement on diplomacy. Trade wars happen when nations adopt tariffs or other trade restrictions in retaliation against one another, frequently in response to earlier trade restrictions imposed by the other nation.

In a cycle of retribution and counter-retaliation, each country strives to defend its own industries and interests as these trade disputes can quickly go out of control. A collapse in diplomatic ties between nations and a severe disruption of global trade might be the outcome.

Wide-ranging effects of trade conflicts might include higher costs for consumers, less corporate competitiveness, and a general slowdown in economic growth. They can also impede initiatives to advance international collaboration and fuel rising nation-to-nation antagonism.

C. Increased Protectionism

The propensity towards increasing protectionism is another adverse effect of foreign trade involvement on diplomacy. Protectionism is the practise of limiting imports and defending home industries from foreign competition by enforcing tariffs, quotas, or other trade barriers.

Protectionism can be harmful in the long run, despite the fact that it could seem like a good idea in the near term. Protectionist policies can result in higher consumer costs, less innovation, and lower-quality goods by restricting competition. They can also lead to trade imbalances between nations because they artificially inflate imports from one nation while restricting exports from another.

Protectionist measures might deteriorate international ties. A cycle of retaliation and counter-retaliation may result when one country imposes trade restrictions and other nations respond with their own restrictions. This could foster an atmosphere of distrust and antagonism, hindering efforts to foster fruitful diplomatic ties between countries.

Increased protectionism brought on by government involvement in international commerce can seriously harm both competitiveness and diplomacy. It is crucial that states fight the urge to enact protectionist policies and instead work to foster greater international collaboration and understanding. Together, we can create a more wealthy and stable global community.

D. Political Fallout

Another negative impact of intervention in international trade on diplomacy is political fallout. Trade policy is a critical component of a country’s foreign policy, and intervention in international trade can have significant political implications.

When countries impose trade barriers, other countries may perceive it as a deliberate attempt to harm their economy or gain an unfair advantage. This can lead to strained diplomatic relationships and even diplomatic conflicts. For example, in 2018, the United States imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from several countries, including China. In response, China imposed tariffs on US goods, and the two countries engaged in a prolonged trade war, with both sides imposing additional tariffs on each other’s products.

Trade conflicts can also spill over into other areas of diplomacy, such as security and human rights. For example, China has been accused of using its economic power to coerce other countries into accepting its political agenda. The United States and other countries have responded by using trade policy as a tool to push back against China’s perceived aggression.

Political fallout resulting from intervention in international trade can have significant negative impacts on diplomacy, leading to strained relationships and even conflicts. It is important for countries to approach trade policy with a focus on mutual benefit and cooperation, rather than short-term gain or political posturing. By promoting a more collaborative approach to international trade, countries can build stronger diplomatic relationships and promote greater stability and prosperity for all.

IV. Why Free Trade is the Ideal Step

For good reason, free trade is the best course of action for any nation trying to compete in the modern world. Countries can take advantage of their comparative advantage and boost specialisation and efficiency by permitting free trade. As a result, customers will pay less and have access to a greater range of goods and services. Free trade also fosters innovation since it forces businesses to compete on a global scale, which results in the development of new and improved products. Due to the increasing economic interconnectedness and cooperation that free trade enables, it also aids in fostering diplomatic relations between nations. Countries may concentrate on what they do best and take advantage of the opportunities present in the global market by reducing trade barriers. Overall, free trade is advantageous to all parties concerned since it boosts economic growth and development, fortifies diplomatic ties, and raises living standards for people all around the world.

A. Economic Growth

The possibility for higher economic growth is one of free trade’s most important advantages. Countries might specialise in the production of commodities and services in which they have a competitive advantage when they participate in free trade. By concentrating on creating the commodities and services that they are greatest at, each nation may increase production and efficiency. As a result, companies are able to grow, add more jobs, and make bigger profits, which boosts economic growth overall. Free trade also fosters innovation because it forces companies to be competitive in a global market, resulting in new and improved goods and services that benefit customers and accelerate economic progress.

B. Increased Competitiveness

One of the main advantages of free trade is the increased competitiveness it promotes. When countries are free to trade with each other without intervention, it leads to the creation of a level playing field. This means that companies must compete with each other on the basis of price, quality, and innovation, rather than relying on government support or protectionist policies. This competition drives companies to improve their products and services, leading to better quality and lower prices for consumers. Additionally, free trade allows companies to access new markets and customers, which can lead to increased sales and profits. Overall, increased competitiveness can help to drive economic growth and development, benefiting both domestic companies and the wider economy.

C. Greater Choice for Consumers

Free trade provides consumers with greater access to a variety of goods at competitive prices. It also promotes innovation and encourages businesses to develop new products and services to meet the needs of the global market. When countries engage in free trade, they specialize in producing goods and services in which they have a comparative advantage, allowing them to produce these goods at a lower cost. This, in turn, leads to lower prices for consumers. In addition, free trade promotes fair competition, which benefits consumers as companies strive to offer better quality goods and services at lower prices. With greater choice, consumers are able to select products that meet their specific needs and preferences, which ultimately leads to a higher standard of living.

D. Improved International Relations

One of the key benefits of free trade is that it promotes improved international relations. Free trade allows countries to exchange goods and services without any barriers or restrictions. This increased cooperation fosters relationships built on trust and mutual benefit, which can ultimately lead to improved diplomatic relations. When countries engage in free trade, they often form partnerships and alliances, which can extend beyond economic cooperation to other areas such as defense, education, and cultural exchange. Additionally, free trade can help to prevent conflicts and disputes between nations by providing a platform for peaceful negotiation and resolution. Overall, free trade creates a more interconnected and interdependent global community, which can lead to improved international relations and a more stable world.

V. The Benefits of Free Trade

Free trade refers to a system of trade between countries that allows the exchange of goods and services without any restrictions or barriers such as tariffs, quotas, or subsidies. There are several benefits to free trade, including increased economic growth, increased competitiveness, greater choice for consumers, and improved international relations. By removing barriers to trade, businesses have greater access to larger markets, which can lead to an increase in productivity and efficiency, as well as a decrease in production costs. This can then lead to economic growth as businesses expand and create more jobs. Additionally, free trade fosters competition, which can drive innovation and create more choices for consumers. Furthermore, free trade can help promote peace and stability between countries, as it encourages cooperation and interdependence. By focusing on the benefits of free trade, countries can work towards a more prosperous and interconnected global economy.

A. Increased Global Wealth

Free trade can lead to increased global wealth, as it encourages countries to specialize in producing goods and services that they are most efficient at. This allows countries to produce more with the same amount of resources and thus increase productivity and output. As a result, the total amount of goods and services available to people around the world increases. Free trade also stimulates competition, which leads to innovation and lower prices for consumers. By promoting a level playing field, free trade encourages fair competition and helps countries to optimize their resources for greater economic growth. This can ultimately lead to higher standards of living, reduced poverty and greater economic stability. With more wealth being created through free trade, countries are better able to invest in their own infrastructure, education, and healthcare, which in turn can lead to further economic and social progress.

B. Reduced Poverty

Another significant benefit of free trade is the potential to reduce poverty. When countries engage in trade, they can specialize in producing goods and services that they are efficient in, and trade those goods for products they are not as efficient in producing. This specialization leads to increased efficiency and productivity, which ultimately generates wealth. As a result, countries that engage in free trade may experience greater economic growth, leading to more job opportunities and higher wages for their citizens. This can also lead to a reduction in poverty rates as individuals and families have access to more resources and opportunities to improve their economic situation. Additionally, free trade can also facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge between countries, which can help developing countries build their own industries and become more self-sufficient, leading to further poverty reduction.

C. Greater Economic Opportunities

Free trade is known to create greater economic opportunities for countries involved. With the reduction of trade barriers, such as tariffs and quotas, countries can trade more efficiently, which leads to increased economic growth and job creation. Moreover, free trade promotes the exchange of knowledge and technology between countries, which leads to innovation and the development of new industries. By increasing the size of the market, free trade allows for economies of scale to be realized, which lowers the cost of production and allows for more goods and services to be produced at a lower cost. Additionally, free trade agreements often include provisions for investment protection, which can encourage foreign investment and help to build up local industries. These benefits of free trade can help to level the playing field for smaller, developing countries and provide them with greater opportunities to participate in the global economy.

D. Environmental Benefits

Free trade can also have positive environmental impacts. By allowing for the efficient allocation of resources, free trade can reduce waste and pollution. This is because countries will specialize in producing goods and services that they are best at, rather than producing everything themselves. For example, a country with a lot of available land might specialize in agriculture, while a country with a highly skilled workforce might specialize in technology. By trading with each other, these countries can avoid producing goods inefficiently and wasting resources. Additionally, free trade can promote the adoption of cleaner technologies, as companies seek to remain competitive in the global marketplace. This can lead to a reduction in carbon emissions and other pollutants, benefiting the environment and public health. Overall, free trade can be a powerful tool for promoting economic growth and development while also protecting the planet for future generations.

VI. How Free Trade Can be Achieved

Free trade has the potential to bring numerous benefits to economies, but achieving it can be challenging. It requires the cooperation of governments, the support of businesses and industries, and the buy-in of the public. One of the key ways to achieve free trade is through multilateral trade agreements, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO). These agreements help to establish a level playing field and provide a framework for reducing trade barriers and increasing market access. Another approach is through regional trade agreements, such as the European Union (EU) or the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). These agreements can help to deepen economic integration and improve trade relations among participating countries. In addition, countries can work to reduce domestic barriers to trade, such as tariffs, quotas, and regulations that create unnecessary obstacles to trade. Finally, promoting education and awareness about the benefits of free trade can help to build support among the public and encourage policymakers to pursue policies that promote free trade. While achieving free trade may be difficult, the potential benefits are too significant to ignore, and it is essential that governments, businesses, and individuals work together to create a more open and interconnected global economy.

A. Reduction of Tariffs and Quotas

A key step towards achieving free trade is the reduction or elimination of tariffs and quotas on imported goods. Tariffs and quotas are trade barriers that countries impose on foreign goods to protect their domestic industries. However, they often lead to increased prices for consumers, reduced competition, and reduced access to foreign markets for domestic producers. By reducing tariffs and quotas, countries can open their markets to foreign competition and increase consumer choice while also promoting economic growth. One way to achieve this is through multilateral trade agreements such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) which has been successful in reducing tariffs and quotas between member countries. Another approach is through bilateral or regional trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU) which have helped to increase trade and investment between member countries. Additionally, countries can also reduce tariffs and quotas unilaterally, without the need for a trade agreement, to promote economic growth and competitiveness.

B. Removal of Non-Tariff Barriers

One of the key steps in achieving free trade is the removal of non-tariff barriers, which refer to the various regulations, standards, and procedures that countries use to restrict imports. These barriers can include product standards, licensing requirements, and other technical regulations that make it difficult for foreign firms to compete in domestic markets. Removing these barriers would make it easier for businesses to trade with one another, leading to increased competition, lower prices, and greater choice for consumers. It would also make it easier for small and medium-sized enterprises to enter new markets, expanding their customer base and potentially boosting economic growth. However, the removal of non-tariff barriers must be done in a way that does not compromise important health, safety, and environmental regulations. Therefore, it is crucial to strike a balance between reducing trade barriers and ensuring that countries maintain important standards and regulations.

C. Promotion of International Cooperation

Promotion of international cooperation is another crucial step towards achieving free trade. Nations must work together to promote open markets and reduce trade barriers. Bilateral and multilateral agreements can be reached, which outline the rules and regulations of international trade. This will help to eliminate discriminatory practices and promote fair competition. In addition, collaboration between countries can lead to the development of common standards and regulations that ensure consumer safety and environmental protection. Increased transparency and dialogue between nations can also help to prevent and resolve trade disputes, promoting a more stable global trading system. Ultimately, by working together towards the common goal of free trade, nations can reap the benefits of increased economic growth, job creation, and improved standards of living for their citizens.

D. Investment in Infrastructure

An essential first step towards attaining free trade is infrastructural investment. Infrastructure consists of infrastructure for energy, communication, transportation, and other types of efficient movement of products and services. Businesses may quickly access new markets and connect with clients throughout the globe with the help of well-developed infrastructure. Additionally, it lowers the cost of doing business, which helps small enterprises compete with larger ones. Infrastructure spending has the potential to increase employment and stimulate the economy. In the construction and allied industries, for instance, the development of new motorways, airports, and ports can provide employment. Modernising telecommunication and energy grids can also lessen carbon emissions and improve connection, facilitating cross-border business collaboration. In order to achieve free trade and build a more interconnected and sustainable global economy, infrastructure investment is crucial

VII. Conclusion

Intervention in the global trade sector can have detrimental effects on diplomacy and competitiveness. All nations should support free trade since it has so many advantages, including improved international relations, economic growth, higher competitiveness, and more consumer choice. In order to achieve free trade, tariffs and quotas must be reduced, non-tariff barriers must be eliminated, international cooperation must be encouraged, and infrastructural investment must be made.


What is intervention in international trade? 

Intervention in international trade refers to actions taken by governments to restrict or promote trade between countries.

How does intervention in international trade impact competitiveness? 

Intervention in international trade can lead to higher prices, reduced quality, limited choices, and reduced innovation, all of which can negatively impact a country’s competitiveness.

What is free trade? 

Free trade refers to the unrestricted exchange of goods and services between countries without government interference.

What are the benefits of free trade? 

The benefits of free trade include increased global wealth, reduced poverty, greater economic opportunities, and environmental benefits.

How can free trade be achieve? 

Free trade can be achieved through the reduction of tariffs and quotas, removal of non-tariff barriers, promotion of international cooperation, and investment in infrastructure.



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