A record that should never have been set: 100 million displaced people

Date:

A record that should never have been set: 100 million displaced people

  • news by AUN News correspondent
  • Thursday, December 29, 2022
  • AUN News – ISSN: 2949-8090

Summary:

  • “According to UN refugee agency data, more than 7.8 million Ukrainian refugees were registered across Europe in December, ten months after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which began on February 24 and appears to be expected to last until 2023.UN organizations got ready to help as soon as the violence started.

  • In particular, Mr. Morales claimed that people of African origin and other racial and ethnic minorities are treated differently from other refugees in Poland and Belarus.

  • More than 3,000 people lost their lives or disappeared while attempting to travel by water to Europe between 2022 and 2021.

  • Off the coast of Libya, where many crossings begin, at least 70 migrants died or went missing in March during just one attempt.

  • According to UNHCR, countries worldwide have pledged a record $1.13 billion to help those displaced due to conflict, violence, and human rights violations.

The UNHCR published the 100 million statistics in May, and agency chief Filippo Grandi called it “a record that should never have been achieved.” The number includes people escaping conflict, violence, human rights violations, and persecution.

The number has increased from about 90 million in 2021. Violence or long-lasting conflicts caused a lot of people to move around the world, especially in Ukraine, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Syria, and Myanmar.

Thousands of desperate migrants who wanted to get to Europe took dangerous trips across the Mediterranean, putting their lives in the hands of people traffickers.

These adventures ended tragically all too frequently.

An IOM worker distributes aid kits to newly displaced communities in Ma’rib, Yemen.
In Ma’rib, Yemen, an IOM employee presents relief supplies to newly displaced communities.

Conditions for migrants in Yemen are getting worse

A Saudi-led coalition that backs the government and Houthi rebels and their supporters have been fighting in Yemen for more than seven years. Because of this, more than 4.3 million people have had to leave their homes, which has caused a humanitarian crisis.

The European Union’s Humanitarian Aid branch (ECHO) and the UN agency for migration, IOM, both announced in May that they were stepping up efforts to address the needs of the more than 325,000 people who have been displaced by the conflict, including migrants and the communities that are hosting them.

According to Christa Rottensteiner, the head of the IOM mission in Yemen, “the situation is also getting worse for migrants in Yemen, especially women, who are living in appalling conditions with no control over their lives.”

Even though the situation there is terrible, people who are leaving countries in the Horn of Africa continue to go to and pass through Yemen.

When they get there, travelers have to go on dangerous journeys. Many head north to find work in Gulf countries.

They often have to cross local frontlines under pressure, which puts them at risk of being arrested, treated badly, exploited, and moved against their will.

A family living in an informal settlement in Raqqa city, northeast Syria.

Delil Souleiman for UNICEF

A family is residing in the unofficial neighborhood of Raqqa, Syria.

There are few chances for a safe return to Syria

Since the war in Syria has been going on for 11 years, about 5 million young Syrians have never seen their country at peace.

Over 80,000 Syrians live in the large Za’atari camp in Jordan, and many of them may have to stay there for a while.

In July, Dominik Bartsch, who works for the UNHCR in Amman, Jordan’s capital, said that the chances of a return “do not look good right now.” “We do not observe a climate in Syria that would be favorable for returns.”

Only 17% of the 675,000 Syrian refugees registered in Jordan live in the two main refugee camps, Za’atari and Azraq. The rest live in towns and villages with Jordanians.

Rohingyas are still leaving Myanmar

After a military campaign of persecution more than five years ago, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya people fled their homes in Myanmar. Nearly a million people live in the big Cox’s Bazar camp in Bangladesh, which is right next to Myanmar.

In March, the UN released its most recent response plan. It asked for more than $881 million to help the refugees and the more than 500,000 Bangladeshis who live nearby and depend heavily on aid.

This year, many Rohingya who tried to cross the Andaman Sea, one of the most dangerous sea crossings in the world, still left Myanmar.

When it was reported in May that more than a dozen migrants, including children, had died at sea off the coast of Myanmar, the Asia and Pacific Director of the UN refugee agency, Indrika Ratwatte, said that the tragedy showed how desperate the Rohingya were to leave the country.

In Kharkiv, Ukraine, a man places his hand to the window of a train car as he says goodbye to his wife and children before they depart on a special evacuation train.

Photo by Ashley Gilbertson VII for UNICEF

A guy points to a train car window in Kharkiv, Ukraine, and says, “Double standard in handling of Ukraine refugees.”

According to UN refugee agency data, more than 7.8 million Ukrainian refugees were registered across Europe in December, ten months after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which began on February 24 and appears to be expected to last until 2023.

UN organizations got ready to help as soon as the violence started. On behalf of national governments, UNHCR and other UN agencies and partners managed how to help refugees.

For instance, personnel helped the government in the neighboring country of Poland register refugees and give them housing and aid.

Filippo Grandi praised European countries for being willing to take in Ukrainian refugees, most of whom were looking for safety in their neighbors. However, he also said he felt terrible for the country and its people.

Ripped to pieces

Families have been arbitrarily torn apart. He warned that many more people would suffer the same fate if the war continued.

However, when it came to some members of minority cultures, this generosity of spirit was not always there. Mr. Grandi exposed the racism, bigotry, and violence they experienced in March.

Mr. Grandi stated during a speech on the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination that the UN refugee agency had seen “the ugly reality” that some black and brown people fleeing Ukraine and other wars and conflicts around the world had not received the same treatment as Ukrainian refugees.

In July, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, González Morales, repeated Mr. Grandi’s worries. In particular, Mr. Morales claimed that people of African origin and other racial and ethnic minorities are treated differently from other refugees in Poland and Belarus.

Since the fighting in the Tigray region began on November 3, 2020, between Ethiopian national forces, Eritrean troops, Amhara forces, and other militias on one side and forces loyal to the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front on the other, millions of Ethiopians remain internally displaced.

By the end of the year, a fragile peace deal brokered by the international community seemed to be holding. Help was getting to the troubled northern districts that had been cut off for months, and many people were going home to fix their lives.

In January, the UN refugee agency sent out a severe warning. It said that refugees in the area were struggling to get enough food, medicine, and clean water because conditions were getting worse, and they could die if nothing changed.

Boris Cheshirkov, a spokesman for the UNHCR, said that the terrible conditions in these camps show how the lack of access and supplies affects millions of displaced people and other civilians in the region.

Refugees have also come under direct attack. In February, armed people attacked an Eritrean camp in the Afar region, killing people and taking their things. This drove thousands of Eritreans to escape.

In August, UN agencies issued a critical funding request to assist over 750 000 people fleeing to Ethiopia. Without the necessary funding, the World Food Programme warned, many refugees would go without food.

Thousands more people perish while trying to sail to Europe

More than 3,000 people lost their lives or disappeared while attempting to travel by water to Europe between 2022 and 2021. The UNHCR published this depressing figure in April. At a regular press briefing in Geneva, Shabia Mantoo, a spokesperson for the UNHCR, told reporters that “most of the sea crossings took place in overcrowded, unseaworthy inflatable boats, many of which sank or deflated, killing people.”

Despite the high risk involved, many nevertheless decided to attempt a sea journey. Off the coast of Libya, where many crossings begin, at least 70 migrants died or went missing in March during just one attempt.

In August, a boat sank near the Greek island of Karpathos, and many people were said to have died. More than 70 bodies were found after a shipwreck off the coast of Syria in September.

Aspire to a better future?

In December, it was stated that there was at least one bright spot amidst the sadness and struggles experienced by so many.

According to UNHCR, countries worldwide have pledged a record $1.13 billion to help those displaced due to conflict, violence, and human rights violations.

Mr. Grandi said, “People who have been forced to move around the world because of war, climate disasters, and other disasters face extraordinary challenges.” People still have hope for a better future because the UNHCR keeps getting help from its kind donors.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Share post:

Subscribe

spot_imgspot_img

Popular

More like this
Related

Greek Heartland in Crisis: Aftermath of Storm Daniel Leaves Devastation in Its Wake

News by AUN News correspondentSaturday, September 30, 2023AUN News –...

Sweden’s Prime Minister Calls on the Military to Tackle Rising Gang Violence

News by AUN News correspondentFriday, September 29, 2023AUN News –...

The U.K. Green-Lights Rosebank: A Controversial Decision Amid Climate Scrutiny

News by AUN News correspondentThursday, September 28, 2023AUN News –...

Assessing the Economic Impact: U.S. Government Shutdown on the Horizon

News by AUN News correspondentWednesday, September 27, 2023AUN News –...