Venezuelan migrants and refugees struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean to survive


Venezuelan migrants and refugees struggle in Latin America

  • News by AUN News correspondent
  • AUN News – ISSN: 2949-8090


  • According to the Refugee and Migrant Needs Report (RMNA) analysis undertaken by the UNHCR and IOM, almost 4.3 million people have difficulty accessing food, housing, and permanent jobs.

  • According to the most recent figures, there are more than 7.1 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants living all over the world.

  • Half of all Venezuelan migrants and refugees lack access to safe and respectable housing and cannot afford three meals per day.

  • A startling 86% of Venezuelans in Ecuador do not make enough money to cover their basic requirements, whereas 13% of their counterparts in Chile are living in poverty.

  • Because their parents cannot afford the tuition and supplies, about 30% of refugees in Colombia between the ages of six and 17 do not attend school.


Venezuelan migrants and refugees have significantly increased across Latin America and the Caribbean in recent years as they attempt to flee the economic and political unrest gripping their native country. Both the migrants and the host countries have faced substantial difficulties as a result of the mass migration. Venezuelan migrants and refugees must contend with a variety of difficulties as they make their way along the perilous road to survival. The severe restrictions individuals have in obtaining basic necessities, getting access to healthcare services, getting an education, and finding workable prospects are a few of these obstacles. This article explores the challenges faced by Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Latin America and the Caribbean, the invaluable work done by organisations dedicated to their support, and the ongoing initiatives aimed at resolving this urgent humanitarian crisis. It does so in an effort to raise awareness of the struggles these individuals face.

The Humanitarian Crisis in Venezuela

Before discussing Venezuela’s dilemma, it’s important to grasp its causes. A deep economic recession, hyperinflation, food and medication shortages, political instability, and social unrest plague the country. Millions of Venezuelans have left the country in quest of better prospects and a more stable life.

The Impact of Venezuelan Migration on Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Overburdened Host Countries

    The mass influx of Venezuelan migrants and refugees has placed a tremendous strain on the host countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. These nations, already facing their own economic and social challenges, struggle to provide adequate resources and support for the growing number of arrivals.

  • Strained Healthcare Systems

The influx of Venezuelan migrants and refugees has put immense pressure on healthcare systems in host countries. Access to quality healthcare services is limited, leading to inadequate medical attention for both migrants and locals.

  • Education Challenges

    Venezuelan children and adolescents face significant barriers to accessing education in their host countries. Language barriers, lack of documentation, and overcrowded schools are some of the challenges that hinder their educational opportunities.

  • Unemployment and Informal Labor

    Finding employment is a major challenge for Venezuelan migrants and refugees. Many are forced to work in the informal sector, which often means low wages, exploitation, and hazardous working conditions.

  • Discrimination and Xenophobia

    Refugees and migrants from Venezuela frequently experience prejudice and xenophobia in their host nations. Their already bad circumstances is made worse by the social marginalisation, prejudices, and stigmatisation they experience.

Organizations Providing Support to Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees

In Latin America and the Caribbean, a multitude of institutions and organisations are diligently working to address the pressing needs of Venezuelan migrants and refugees. The aforementioned groups play a crucial role in providing vital humanitarian aid, protection, and assistance to those in need. In a landscape populated by numerous prominent organisations, several notable names stand out.

  • UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

    The UNHCR works around the world to protect the rights and well-being of refugees and displaced people. UNHCR provides emergency shelter, healthcare, and legal help to Venezuelan migrants and refugees.

  • IOM (International Organization for Migration)

    The IOM focuses on migration management, providing support and guidance to governments and migrants alike. They work on various aspects, including facilitating safe and orderly migration and assisting with voluntary returns.

  • NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations)

    Furthermore, numerous non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Caritas, Save the Children, and Doctors Without Borders are actively involved in providing humanitarian aid, healthcare, education, and livelihood assistance to Venezuelan migrants and refugees in the region.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the main push factors driving Venezuelan migration?

The main push factors causing Venezuelans to migrate include the country’s economic downturn, hyperinflation, shortages of food and medication, political upheaval, and social unrest.

Which countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have received the most Venezuelan migrants and refugees?

Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, and Chile have emerged as the primary destinations for Venezuelan migrants and refugees in the region, attracting the highest influx of individuals seeking better opportunities and fleeing the dire conditions in their home country.

How are host countries addressing the challenges posed by Venezuelan migration?

The issues caused by Venezuelan migration are being addressed by host countries through a variety of measures. These include fostering social integration, giving access to healthcare and education, and setting up temporary safety nets..

Are there any international agreements or initiatives to support Venezuelan migrants and refugees?

Yes, there are international accords and programmes designed to aid migrants and refugees from Venezuela. Regional efforts to organise a response and mobilise resources include the Quito Process and the Solidarity Conference on the Venezuelan Refugee and Migrant Crisis.

What are the long-term solutions to the Venezuelan migrant and refugee crisis?

Addressing the underlying causes of the issue within Venezuela, fostering regional collaboration, and ensuring the social and economic integration of migrants and refugees in host countries are all necessary for long-term solutions to the Venezuelan migrant and refugee crisis.

How can individuals contribute to supporting Venezuelan migrants and refugees?

Volunteering with organisations, providing items, fighting for the rights of migrants and refugees from Venezuela, and raising public awareness of their plight are all ways that individuals can support them.


Venezuelan migrants and refugees face a complex and multidimensional problem across Latin America and the Caribbean. The vast displacement caused by Venezuela’s crisis has posed significant hurdles for both migrants and, furthermore, host countries. Addressing this humanitarian situation demands a coordinated and comprehensive response from governments, international organisations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and individuals. It is possible to alleviate the problems of Venezuelan migrants and refugees and assure a better future for them by providing proper support and safety, promoting integration, and addressing the core causes of the crisis.

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