Towards Inclusive Multilateralism: Strengthening Global Institutions for Shared Solutions


Shared Solutions
  • News by AUN News correspondent
  • Monday, June 26, 2023
  • AUN News – ISSN: 2949-8090


  • The rapidly changing world has led to a shift in the balance of power in the international order. However, many global institutions still operate on outdated power dynamics that fail to reflect the current geopolitical landscape.
  • To address this issue, there is a pressing need for institutional reinterpretation.
  • The article emphasises the importance of adapting our approach to multilateralism in the face of new social and planetary challenges.
  • It explores the need to reshape global institutions to accommodate the changing balance of power and foster the active participation of diverse nations.
  • By doing so, we can ensure that these institutions are responsive to the evolving needs of the international community and capable of finding shared solutions.
  • Furthermore, the rise of international decoupling poses a countervailing trend to universalist approaches.
  • The “me first” policy and the era of Donald Trump have highlighted the need for international cooperation and new problem-solving tools.
  • Multilateralism, as a rules-based international order, is crucial in addressing the complexity and interdependence of global problems.
  • The G20 is examined as a significant player in achieving a more inclusive and effective multilateral order.
  • Its economic and political influence, representation of G7 countries, UNSC permanent members, and emerging nations, and its potential for institutional reform are discussed.
  • Recommendations are provided for the G20 to take a comprehensive approach to security, engage diverse stakeholders, and strengthen the legitimacy of a new regulatory framework.
  • Engaging representatives of parliaments, local entities, and vulnerable groups in international decision-making processes is emphasised as crucial.
  • This engagement enhances transparency, efficiency, and accountability within international bodies and bridges the gap between institutions and the people they serve.


In our fast-paced and ever-changing world, the balance of power in the international order has undergone a remarkable transformation. Yet, amidst this shift, many global institutions continue to operate under outdated power dynamics, failing to align with the realities of the current geopolitical landscape. As we confront new and complex social and planetary challenges, it becomes imperative that we adapt our approach to multilateralism and strive towards shared solutions. This article delves into the pressing need for institutional reinterpretation, the rise of international decoupling, and the pivotal role of the G20 in achieving a more inclusive and effective multilateral order.

It is crucial to reevaluate the current institutional structure in a time of rapid change and global interconnection. How can these international organisations ensure their relevance and responsiveness to the needs of our day while effectively responding to shifting power dynamics? We may encourage common solutions that address the many needs and aspirations of nations around the world by adopting an inclusive and flexible multilateral approach.

In the face of pressing social and planetary challenges, it is evident that our approach to multilateralism requires reevaluation. The urgency to tackle issues such as climate change, inequality, and technological advancements demands collaborative efforts and innovative solutions. It is through the pursuit of shared solutions, where nations actively participate in shaping the global agenda, that we can effectively address these intricate challenges in a comprehensive manner.

Navigating International Decoupling: Reigniting Global Collaboration

Amidst the current landscape, we have witnessed the emergence of international decoupling, a countervailing trend that challenges traditional universalist approaches. This trend is often characterised by a “me first” policy emphasising national interests over collective cooperation. However, such an approach undermines the spirit of shared solutions. How can we navigate this landscape of international decoupling and reignite a renewed commitment to global collaboration? The answer lies in recognising that true progress comes from international cooperation and the development of problem-solving tools that transcend narrow national boundaries.

Multilateralism is fundamentally a system of international law that promotes cooperation and group decision-making. We better comprehend the need for a multilateral strategy when we recognise the complexity and interconnection of global issues. The G20, which acts as a forum for developed and developing nations, is crucial to forming this international order. The G20 has the capacity to generate shared solutions that advance global peace and prosperity because of its inclusive representation of countries from both the Global North and the Global South.

Assessing G20’s Global South Representation and Reform Potential

The influence of the G20 stems from its economic and political significance, as well as its ability to represent key players in the international arena. However, it is crucial to critically assess its claim to represent the Global South and its potential for driving institutional reform. How can the G20 effectively utilise its platform to address shared solutions and promote a fair and sustainable international order? By prioritising global interests over narrow national agendas, the G20 can contribute to financing sustainability and resilience initiatives that benefit all nations.

There has never been a greater urgent need for inclusive multilateralism and the development of international institutions. We open the door for cooperative solutions that advance the interests of the whole international community as we accept the shifting power dynamics, respond to fresh challenges, and rethink our multilateralism strategy. The G20 retains enormous potential to promote reform and deal with the urgent global issues we face because of its economic and political clout. We can create a just and sustainable international order by working together and remaining steadfastly committed to shared solutions.

The Call for Institutional Reinterpretation

To overcome the limitations imposed by outdated power dynamics, global institutions must undergo a process of reinterpretation. The traditional notions of power, primarily based on military might and economic strength, no longer suffice to address the complex challenges our world faces today. Climate change, biodiversity loss, wealth imbalance, pandemics, and the rapid advancement of artificial intelligence demand a shift in our perception of power and the capabilities required to tackle these shared problems effectively.

How can we redefine power in the context of global institutions?

Realising that our capacity to comprehend and address the pressing demands of our globally interconnected society also constitutes a source of true power beyond that derived from superiority in the military and economy It necessitates adopting a more thorough security analysis that takes into account the various risks and threats we face. We must adopt a larger viewpoint that puts the sustainability of the entire world above national defence and economic interests in order to better understand security.

Additionally, this reinterpretation necessitates a significant change in how we view international interactions. It necessitates abandoning the old idea that the acquisition of power is a zero-sum game in which one nation loses and another gains. Instead, we must encourage a mindset of cooperation that acknowledges the interconnectedness of nations and the importance of cooperating to find common solutions. Global institutions may utilise the combined strengths of several states and create a more durable and inclusive multilateral system by emphasising collaboration over rivalry.

What does this reinterpretation mean in practical terms?

It entails reforming existing institutions to reflect the changing global landscape and address the pressing challenges we face. It means enhancing the representation and voice of emerging nations as well as marginalised communities to ensure a more equitable and balanced decision-making process. It also necessitates reevaluating the criteria for measuring a nation’s power, shifting the focus from pure economic indicators to include sustainability, social well-being, and the ability to tackle global issues collectively.

A response to the constraints imposed by antiquated power relations is the urge for institutional reinterpretation. Global institutions can better address the difficult issues of our day by redefining power in a broader and more inclusive sense. This transformation necessitates adopting a thorough security analysis, encouraging collaboration, and modifying current institutions to take into account the changing needs of the global community. We can only create a more resilient, equitable, and shared future for everyone through such a reinterpretation.

The Rise of International Decoupling

International decoupling is a countervailing trend against the obvious need for global cooperation and common methods of problem-solving. With the “me first” ideologies made popular by former US President Donald Trump, this trend questions the idea of universalism. Global issues, however, necessitate teamwork and creative approaches to problem-solving. Fostering international cooperation and creating tools for dealing with difficult situations are essential.

Understanding Multilateralism

Multilateralism is a term used to describe an international system that relies on cooperation and regulations to address complex and interconnected global issues. The G20, a formidable alliance of nations, holds a crucial position in the pursuit of a multilateral system. The G20, comprised of major global players in trade and CO2 emissions, holds significant economic and political sway, boasting representation from all permanent members of the UNSC and G7 nations. The platform in question not only asserts its representation of the interests of the Global South and emerging economies but also holds significant importance in shaping global institutions.

The Power of the G20

The G20’s economic and political potency places it in a unique position to drive institutional reform and shape a fair international order. By setting aside national interests and prioritising global solutions, the G20 can influence other nations and contribute to the transformation of societies and economies towards sustainability and resilience. Its inclusive membership, representing two-thirds of the world’s population, further strengthens its potential for bringing about meaningful change.

G20’s Potential for Institutional Reform

To harness the G20’s potential for institutional reform, several recommendations can be considered. Firstly, the G20 should actively participate in the UN Summit of the Future, which aims to restructure the multilateral system. This involvement should prioritise reforming the UNSC, even if it is not yet a specific task of the UN Summit. Additionally, the G20 should expand its membership to include the African Union and the “vulnerable 20” (V20), amplifying the voices of the Global South and those most affected by current approaches. Moreover, the G20 should produce a comprehensive analysis of global security risks and use the findings to reorganise the international system effectively.

Inclusion of New Actors in Decision-Making

To strengthen the legitimacy of a new regulatory framework, it is essential to include new actors in decision-making processes. International law has evolved to recognise natural persons and groups as subjects of international law, emphasising the goal of human well-being. Global institutions gain legitimacy through inclusive and diverse participation, representing different regions, continents, world views, religions, and vulnerable groups. While it is necessary to limit the number of participants for practical reasons, clustering groups can ensure fair representation and a variety of perspectives.

Strengthening the Legitimacy of a New Regulatory Framework

Engaging representatives of parliaments, local entities, and vulnerable groups in international decision-making processes is crucial for fostering transparency, efficiency, and accountability within global institutions. When diverse stakeholders’ perspectives are heard and considered, the legitimacy of the decision-making process is enhanced, and comprehensive and well-rounded policies are developed. By actively involving these stakeholders, institutions can bridge the gap between themselves and the people they serve, fostering trust and a sense of shared ownership.

But how can the engagement of different stakeholders contribute to the legitimacy of a new regulatory framework?

By involving parliamentary representatives, laws and regulations can better reflect the desires and requirements of the people they represent. This inclusion ensures that decisions are made with a thorough comprehension of the local contexts and challenges communities confront. Incorporating the viewpoints of local entities, such as municipalities and regional organisations, provides a more nuanced comprehension of the particular issues affecting various regions. This localised knowledge can contribute to the development of policies that are more effective and suited to particular circumstances.

Involving vulnerable populations in decision-making processes is also crucial. Institutions can address the particular needs and difficulties of marginalised communities by giving them a voice and taking into account their distinct viewpoints. This inclusiveness encourages equity and social justice by preventing policies from unfairly favouring some groups while excluding others. The active participation of vulnerable groups also highlights unrecognised problems and encourages a more thorough method of shared solutions.

A new regulatory framework is more legitimate if it involves representatives of parliaments, local organisations, and disadvantaged populations. Institutions can increase openness, efficiency, and accountability by involving a variety of stakeholders. This inclusive strategy fills the gap between institutions and society, ensures that decisions represent the needs and ambitions of the people, and promotes trust in the decision-making process. Global institutions can come up with answers that benefit everyone by cooperating and taking into account a variety of viewpoints.


There has never been a more pressing need to embrace inclusive multilateralism and develop international institutions. Given the tremendous challenges the globe is currently facing, the G20 has the capacity to promote reform and effectively address global crises. The G20 can aid in establishing a just and sustainable international order by encouraging cooperation, putting aside national interests for the greater good, and encouraging sustainability and resilience. We can only come up with shared solutions to the complicated issues that concern us all if we work together. Now is the perfect time for inclusive multilateralism.

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