Combatting Cryptocurrency Scams: Pursuing Justice for Global Fraudulent Schemes


Combatting Cryptocurrency Scams
  • News by AUN News Correspondent
  • Wednesday, June 14, 2023
  • AUN News – ISSN: 2949-8090


The rise of cryptocurrencies has brought about new opportunities for innovation and investment. However, it has also paved the way for fraudulent schemes that exploit unsuspecting investors worldwide. This article examines notable cases of cryptocurrency scams, shedding light on the challenges faced by judicial systems across different countries. Notably, it emphasizes the urgent need for international collaboration to bring financial criminals to justice. Cryptocurrency scams have become a global concern, with individuals and groups exploiting the decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies to defraud unsuspecting investors. This article highlights several high-profile cases of cryptocurrency scams and the challenges faced in seeking justice across different countries, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, China, and India. One such case involving an Indian fugitive operating from Dubai demands immediate attention.

global cryptocurrency scams and fraudulent schemes
Number of reported scams: In 2021, there were over 7,000 reported cases of cryptocurrency fraud. This was a 200% increase from the number of reported cases in 2020
global cryptocurrency scams and fraudulent schemes data
Growth of cryptocurrency-related fraud cases over the years: The number of cryptocurrency-related fraud cases has been growing rapidly in recent years. In 2018, there were just over 1,000 reported cases. This number has increased by an average of 150% per year since then

United States Cryptocurrency Scams

In Nevada, Gordon Brad Beckstead pleaded guilty to charges related to his involvement in the BitClub Network, a fraudulent cryptocurrency scheme that duped investors out of $722 million. Beckstead’s admission of money laundering and aiding in preparing false tax returns shed light on the network’s deceptive practices.

The BitClub Network’s Deceptive Operations

The BitClub Network presented itself as a legitimate cryptocurrency investment opportunity, soliciting money from investors in exchange for shares of purported cryptocurrency mining pools. The network promised substantial returns and even rewarded investors for recruiting new participants, fueling its rapid growth.

Unveiling the Fraudulent Scheme

Beckstead’s guilty plea revealed the true nature of the BitClub Network. The scheme operated as a classic Ponzi scheme, with funds from new investors being used to pay returns to earlier investors. However, the promised mining operations and returns were largely fictitious, deceiving countless individuals who trusted the network’s legitimacy.

Money Laundering and Concealing Income

As a BitClub Network investor, Beckstead admitted to conspiring with the network’s creator and operator, Matthew Brent Goettsche, and others to launder the funds earned through the scheme’s operation. Beckstead also confessed to providing false and misleading information to financial institutions to conceal Goettsche’s income, further perpetuating the deception.

Legal Consequences and Penalties

Beckstead’s guilty plea carries severe consequences. The money laundering conspiracy charge alone holds a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison and a fine of $500,000, or twice the value of the property involved in the transaction, whichever is greater. In addition, his admission of aiding in preparing false tax returns carries a maximum penalty of three years in prison and a fine of $100,000.

Implications and the Call for Regulatory Measures

The exposure of the BitClub Network’s fraudulent operations underscores the urgent need for enhanced regulation and oversight in the cryptocurrency industry. The regulators should implement transparent and accountable frameworks to protect investors from falling victim to such schemes. These developments serve as a wake-up call for regulators and industry participants to strengthen measures that prevent, detect, and prosecute fraudulent cryptocurrency activities.

By shedding light on the BitClub Network’s deceptive practices and bringing perpetrators to justice, authorities take a crucial step towards safeguarding the integrity of the cryptocurrency market and restoring trust among investors. The case serves as a reminder of the importance of due diligence, investor education, and robust enforcement to ensure the legitimacy and transparency of the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Canada Cryptocurrency Scams

The mysterious death of Gerald Cotten, co-founder of Quadriga CX, left investors in Canada in a state of shock. Cotten’s passing resulted in losing access to approximately $190 million in clients’ funds. The case gained attention through a Netflix documentary, highlighting the urgent need for better regulation and security measures in the cryptocurrency industry.

The Quadriga CX Cryptocurrency Exchange

Quadriga CX was Canada’s largest cryptocurrency exchange, offering users a platform to buy, sell, and trade various cryptocurrencies. As a co-founder, Gerald Cotten played a pivotal role in the operation and management of the exchange, which garnered significant popularity among Canadian investors.

The Mysterious Death of Gerald Cotten

The sudden and unexpected death of Gerald Cotten in December 2018 sent shockwaves through the cryptocurrency community. Cotten was the sole individual with access to the private keys that secured the digital wallets holding Quadriga CX’s investors’ funds. His passing left investors unable to retrieve their money, leading to frustration, confusion, and suspicion.

Loss of Access to Client Funds

Following Cotten’s death, Quadriga CX faced immense difficulties accessing approximately $190 million in clients’ funds. Cotten’s widow, Jennifer Robertson, claimed he had not left the necessary passwords or recovery mechanisms to access the encrypted funds. The exchange’s clients were left in financial distress, unable to retrieve their investments or recoup their losses.

Netflix Documentary Brings Attention to the Case

The Quadriga CX case gained further prominence through a Netflix documentary, “Trust No One: The Hunt for the Crypto King, ” exploring the events surrounding Cotten’s death and the subsequent loss of investor funds. The documentary shed light on the lack of regulation and security measures within the cryptocurrency industry, drawing attention to the vulnerability of investors’ assets.

The Need for Enhanced Regulation and Security

The Quadriga CX case is a glaring example of the urgent need for better regulation and security measures in the cryptocurrency industry. It highlights the risks associated with centralized exchanges and the potential impact of a single individual’s control over investors’ funds. The incident has spurred calls for increased oversight, transparency, and investor protection to prevent similar situations from recurring.

Rebuilding Trust and Investor Confidence

Rebuilding trust and investor confidence in the cryptocurrency industry is paramount. Regulators, policymakers, and industry participants must collaborate to establish robust frameworks that safeguard investors’ assets, enforce stringent security protocols, and ensure transparent practices within cryptocurrency exchanges. By addressing the issues highlighted by the Quadriga CX case, the industry can work towards creating a more secure and reliable environment for investors.

The Quadriga CX case remains a cautionary tale, underscoring the importance of proper security measures, contingency planning, and regulatory oversight in the cryptocurrency industry. As investors seek justice and accountability, the incident catalyzes positive change, driving the adoption of measures that protect investors’ interests. In addition, foster the growth of a responsible and trustworthy cryptocurrency ecosystem.

United Kingdom Cryptocurrency Scams

QuadrigaCX, the fraudulent cryptocurrency scheme, didn’t only target investors in Canada but also defrauded individuals in the United Kingdom, resulting in losses exceeding $190 million. The scheme created a deceptive cryptocurrency exchange, enticing investors with promises of high returns. However, the sudden death of the founder plunged victims into financial turmoil when access to the funds became impossible.

The Deceptive Cryptocurrency Exchange

QuadrigaCX masqueraded as a legitimate cryptocurrency exchange, attracting investors in the United Kingdom with the promise of profitable investment returns. The scheme employed sophisticated marketing tactics to create an illusion of credibility and security, thereby luring unsuspecting individuals into depositing their funds.

The Founder’s Mysterious Demise

The sudden death of the founder of QuadrigaCX, whose identity remains undisclosed, added a layer of complexity to the scheme. With the founder’s demise, investors were left in a state of shock and uncertainty as access to the funds entrusted to the exchange became impossible. The lack of contingency planning or proper succession mechanisms exacerbated the situation, leaving victims grappling with losing their investments.

Inaccessibility of Investor Funds

As a result of the founder’s demise, investors in the United Kingdom, like their counterparts in Canada, found themselves unable to retrieve their funds. The founder’s passing effectively locked away the investors’ money, causing significant financial distress and hardship. The situation highlighted the absence of safeguards and transparency within the cryptocurrency industry, underscoring the need for improved regulation and investor protection.

Implications for Victims

The victims of QuadrigaCX in the United Kingdom faced dire consequences due to the scheme’s fraudulent practices. Many individuals had invested substantial amounts of money, hoping for lucrative returns, only to find themselves defrauded and left with no recourse for recovering their funds. The financial losses incurred severely affected their livelihoods, financial stability, and trust in the cryptocurrency industry.

Call for Stronger Regulations for cryptocurrency scams

The QuadrigaCX case in the United Kingdom emphasized the urgent need for stronger regulations within the cryptocurrency industry. The lack of oversight and accountability allowed fraudulent schemes to flourish, leaving unsuspecting investors vulnerable to financial exploitation. The incident served as a wake-up call for authorities and regulators to implement comprehensive measures that safeguard investors’ interests and ensure the integrity of cryptocurrency exchanges.

Rebuilding Trust and Protecting Investors

Rebuilding trust and protecting investors within the cryptocurrency industry are paramount objectives in the aftermath of the QuadrigaCX scheme. Regulators must collaborate with industry participants to establish robust regulatory frameworks encompassing transparency, security, and investor protection. By doing so, the industry can rebuild its reputation, instil confidence among investors, and prevent similar fraudulent schemes from causing financial harm in the future.

The QuadrigaCX case in the United Kingdom serves as a cautionary tale, shedding light on the risks of investing in cryptocurrency and the dire consequences of fraudulent schemes. It underscores the necessity for proactive measures, including enhanced regulations, thorough due diligence, and investor education. Which is pivotal to protecting individuals and ensuring a safe and trustworthy environment for cryptocurrency investments.

China Cryptocurrency Scams

China became the backdrop for one of the largest cryptocurrency-based Ponzi schemes in history, PlusToken. The scheme orchestrated by its masterminds successfully defrauded investors of an astonishing $2.25 billion. While leveraging blockchain technology to carry out their fraudulent activities.

The Deceptive Promise of High Returns

PlusToken enticed millions of users in China with the promise of high investment returns, capitalizing on the growing popularity of cryptocurrencies. The scheme positioned itself as a legitimate platform, using blockchain technology as a medium to attract unsuspecting investors. The allure of substantial profits attracted individuals who sought to benefit from the burgeoning cryptocurrency market.

The Enormous Scale of Fraud of cryptocurrency scams

The magnitude of the PlusToken Ponzi scheme was unprecedented. With its sophisticated marketing strategies and exploiting investors’ trust, the scheme accumulated billions of dollars from unsuspecting individuals. The vastness of the operation and its ability to defraud such a significant number of investors underscored the need for greater scrutiny and regulation within the cryptocurrency industry.

The Collapse and Bitcoin’s Plunge

The collapse of PlusToken sent shockwaves throughout the cryptocurrency market, particularly in China. As the scheme unravelled, it became evident that the promised returns were a facade. Investors’ funds were depleted, causing panic and prompting a mass exodus from the scheme. The repercussions extended beyond PlusToken itself, leading to a significant plunge in the price of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The event was a stark reminder of the inherent risks associated with fraudulent operations and the potential impact on the broader cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Exposing Vulnerabilities and Heightening Awareness

The PlusToken Ponzi scheme exposed vulnerabilities within the cryptocurrency industry and highlighted the need for increased awareness among investors. The incident served as a wake-up call, prompting individuals to exercise caution and due diligence when engaging in cryptocurrency investments. It also emphasized regulatory bodies’ need to implement robust measures to detect and prevent such fraudulent schemes.

Lessons for Investor Protection

The PlusToken saga in China highlighted the importance of investor protection and a proactive approach from regulatory authorities. It underscored the significance of implementing comprehensive regulations, stringent oversight, and effective enforcement mechanisms to safeguard investors’ interests. Additionally, the incident demonstrated the need for enhanced investor education. Which can foster a better understanding of the risks associated with cryptocurrency investments.

Rebuilding Trust and Strengthening Regulations

Rebuilding trust within the Chinese cryptocurrency market requires collaborative efforts between regulatory bodies, industry participants, and investors. Stronger regulations and improved enforcement mechanisms are essential to detect and prevent fraudulent schemes like PlusToken. Heightened transparency, increased due diligence, and enhanced investor protection measures will contribute to China’s more secure and trustworthy cryptocurrency ecosystem.

The PlusToken Ponzi scheme in China serves as a cautionary tale. It sheds light on the risks inherent in the cryptocurrency industry and the devastating consequences of fraudulent schemes. It calls for collective action to strengthen regulations, raise awareness, and protect investors from falling victim to such schemes. By learning from this experience, China can take steps to fortify its cryptocurrency market. While ensuring its long-term viability and integrity.

India Cryptocurrency Scams

India faced its own cryptocurrency scam involving the misuse of an App-based token called “HPZ” by entities such as Lillian Technocab Pvt. Ltd and Shigoo Technology Private Limited. These entities were found to be engaged in fraudulent activities by operating unregistered gaming apps and websites.

Uncovering the Fraudulent Operation

An investigation into the activities of Lillian Technocab Pvt Ltd and Shigoo Technology Private Limited revealed a complex web of fraudulent activities. These entities were collecting money from unsuspecting individuals under the guise of the “HPZ” token. Further investigation uncovered that Bhupesh Arora and his associates had control over Shigoo Technology Private Limited and were involved in operating unregistered gaming apps and websites.

Freezing Illicit Funds

During the investigation, authorities discovered a significant amount of funds, amounting to Rs. 91.6 Crore, held in various bank accounts and merchant accounts associated with the entities involved in the money laundering activities. The frozen funds amounted to a total of Rs. 178 Crore. However, despite these measures, the prime accused, Bhupesh Arora, managed to evade capture and fled to Dubai with his family and friends.

The Pursuit of Justice

Bhupesh Arora’s continued operation from Dubai poses a challenge for Indian authorities seeking to bring him to justice. Despite Interpol issuing a red-corner notice on his name, Arora remains active in the market, with his relatives maintaining contact between him and his network in India. The ongoing investigation and pursuit of Bhupesh Arora serve as a reminder of the need for international cooperation in apprehending and deporting individuals involved in financial crimes.

Raising Awareness and Taking Action

The case of the HPZ token and the operation of unregistered gaming apps and websites highlight the importance of investor awareness and regulatory vigilance in the cryptocurrency sector. Individuals must exercise caution and conduct thorough due diligence before engaging in cryptocurrency-related activities. Furthermore, the Indian government and regulatory bodies need to strengthen measures to detect and prevent such fraudulent schemes, ensuring the protection of investors and maintaining the integrity of the financial system.

Appealing for International Cooperation

With Bhupesh Arora operating from Dubai, it becomes imperative to seek cooperation from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) authorities in apprehending and deporting him. AUN News appeals to civil society organizations worldwide to raise awareness about this case and encourage the UAE authorities to take action against financial criminals and fraudsters using their jurisdiction as a safe haven. By addressing such issues promptly and effectively, the international community can prevent countries like Dubai from being labelled safe havens for criminals.

The case of the HPZ token and the involvement of entities like Lillian Technocab Pvt Ltd and Shigoo Technology Private Limited in fraudulent activities highlights the need for stricter regulations, enhanced investor education, and international cooperation to combat cryptocurrency scams in India. By working together, Indian authorities and global stakeholders can create a safer environment for investors and strengthen the integrity of the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Call to Action: Combating Financial Criminals and Fraudsters

Raising Global Awareness

AUN News appeals to Civil Society Organizations worldwide to draw attention to the issue of financial criminals and fraudsters operating from safe havens like Dubai. By raising global awareness about the extent of the problem and its implications, we can mobilize collective action and bring about meaningful change.

Advocating for International Cooperation

Advocating for increased cooperation between countries is crucial, especially when apprehending and extraditing individuals involved in financial crimes. By highlighting the need for collaboration and sharing of information among law enforcement agencies worldwide, we can create a more robust network to combat the impunity these criminals enjoy.

Engaging with UAE Authorities

AUN News urges Civil Society Organizations to actively engage with the authorities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and express concerns regarding the presence of financial criminals and fraudsters in their jurisdiction. By voicing our concerns and demanding action, we can push for stricter regulations, improved enforcement mechanisms, and the extradition of individuals with lookout notices issued by Interpol.

Promoting Transparency and Accountability

It is essential to emphasize the importance of transparency and accountability in the cryptocurrency industry. Civil Society Organizations can advocate for stronger regulations, enhanced due diligence measures, and increased transparency requirements for cryptocurrency exchanges and platforms. By promoting these principles, we can mitigate the risks associated with fraudulent schemes and protect the interests of global investors.

Educating Investors

Education plays a crucial role in combating financial crimes. Civil Society Organizations can contribute by raising awareness among investors about the risks involved in cryptocurrency investments and providing guidance on identifying and avoiding fraudulent schemes. Equipping investors with the necessary knowledge and tools empowers them to make informed decisions and safeguard their financial interests.

Promoting Responsible Governance

AUN News encourages Civil Society Organizations to advocate for responsible governance in the cryptocurrency sector. This includes urging governments and regulatory bodies to establish comprehensive frameworks that address the unique challenges posed by digital currencies. By promoting responsible governance practices, we can create an environment that fosters innovation while ensuring the protection of investors and the integrity of financial systems.

Joining Forces for a Safer Cryptocurrency Landscape

Civil Society Organizations can amplify their voices and drive meaningful change in the fight against financial criminals and fraudsters by coming together. Through collaboration, advocacy, and collective action, we can make significant strides towards a safer and more secure cryptocurrency landscape that upholds the principles of transparency, accountability, and investor protection.

Together, let us raise our voices, engage with relevant authorities, and work towards a world where financial criminals and fraudsters are held accountable and the cryptocurrency industry operates with integrity and trust.


The cases of cryptocurrency scams in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, China, and India underscore the pressing need for international collaboration in addressing such fraudulent activities. By highlighting these incidents and demanding action, we can work towards safeguarding investors, holding perpetrators accountable, and ensuring justice is served. Let us join forces to create a more transparent and secure environment for cryptocurrency transactions worldwide.

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